"And We Still Ain't Satisfied": A Report on Gender and Income Inequality in Canada

  • Karen Hadley McMaster University
Keywords: Gender Gap, Income inequality, Wage discrimination


The gender gap is much wider than is commonly believed. This analysis of Statistics Canada's 1998 Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics finds that women's median, after-tax incomes were 61 percent of men's, while 50 percent of women in Canada had after-tax incomes ranging from zero to $ 13,786. The gender gap was greatest for women aged 46-64, placing many women in this cohort at risk of poverty in their senior years. Women's prevalence in part-time and temporary employment, continuing occupational segregation and wage discrimination keep women's incomes low. Unionization and university education are the best ways for women to raise their incomes and close the gender gap.
Original Research