The Potential of Government Intervention in Violence Against Women: Lessons from Newfoundland and Labrador
Keywords:Gender Violence, Government, Policy
While an increasingly neoliberal and neoconservative state has created challenges for Canadian feminists, Newfoundland and Labrador’s Purple Ribbon Campaign, launched in 2009, illustrates how feminist analyses of gender-based violence can be incorporated into a government-sponsored anti-violence campaign. This article examines the successes and limitations of the Purple Ribbon Campaign’s anti-violence analyses.
Alors qu’une situation de plus en plus néolibérale et néoconservatrice pose des défis aux féministes canadiens, la campagne du ruban violet à Terre-Neuve-et-Labrador, lancée en 2009, illustre la façon dont les analyses féministes de la violence à caractère sexiste peuvent être intégrées dans une campagne antiviolence appuyée par le gouvernement. Cet article examine les succès et les limites des analyses antiviolence de la campagne du ruban violet.
Anderson, Kristin L. 2005. “Theorizing Gender in Intimate Partner Violence Research.” Sex Roles 52 (11/12): 853-865.
Bégin, Monique. 1997. “The Canadian Government and the Commission’s Report.” In Women and the Canadian State, edited by Caroline Andrew and Sanda Rodgers, 12-26. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press.
Bennett, Lauren, Lisa Goodman, and Mary Ann Dutton. 1999. “Systemic Obstacles to the Criminal Prosecution of a Battered Partner: A Victim Perspective.” Journal of Interpersonal Violence 14 (7): 761-772.
Beres, Melanie A., Barbara Crow, and Lise Gotell. 2009. “The Perils of Institutionalization in Neoliberal Times: Results of a National Survey of Canadian Sexual Assault and Rape Crisis Centres.” Canadian Journal of Sociology 34 (1): 135-163.
Bevacqua, Maria. 2000. Rape on the Public Agenda: Feminism and the Politics of Sexual Assault. Boston: Northeastern University Press.
Bograd, Michelle. 2005. “Strengthening Domestic Violence Theories: Intersections of Race, Class, Sexual Orientation, and Gender.” In Domestic Violence at the Margins: Readings on Race, Class, Gender, and Culture, edited by Natalie J. Sokoloff and Christina Pratt, 25-38. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press.
Bohmer, Carol, Jennifer Brandt, Denise Bronson, and Helen Hartnett. 2002. “Domestic Violence Law Reforms: Reactions from the Trenches.” Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare 29 (3): 71-87.
Bonisteel, Mandy and Linda Green. 2005. “Implications of the Shrinking Space for Feminist Anti-Violence Advocacy.” Paper presented at the Canadian Social Welfare Policy Conference, Fredericton, New Brunswick, June. Accessed July 30, 2014. http://www.rapereliefshelter.bc.ca/sites/default/files/imce/ShrinkingFeministSpace_AntiViolenceAdvocacy_OCT2005.pdf.
Breines, Wini, and Linda Gordon. 1983. “The New Scholarship on Family Violence.” Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 8 (3): 490-531.
Brodie, Janine. 2002. “The Great Undoing: State Formation, Gender Politics, and Social Policy in Canada.” In Western Welfare in Decline: Globalization and Women’s Poverty, edited by Catherine Kingfisher, 90-110. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Brodie, Janine and Isabella Bakker. 2007. Canada’s Social Policy Regime and Women: An Assessment of the Last Decade. Ottawa: Status of Women Canada. Accessed July 30, 2014. http://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2007/swc-cfc/SW21-156-2007E.pdf.
_______. 2008. Where are the Women?: Gender Equity, Budgets and Canadian Public Policy. Ottawa: Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives.
Brown, Wendy. 2006. “American Nightmare: Neoliberalism, Neoconservatism, and De-Democratization.” Political Theory 34 (6): 690-714.
Bryson, Valerie. 2003. Feminist Political Theory: An Introduction. Second Edition. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
CBC News. 2013. “Cuts to healthcare will focus on management.” CBC News, April 6. Accessed August 3, 2014. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/newfoundland-labrador/cuts-to-healthcare-will-focus-on-management-1.1330210.
Clark, Lorenne M.G., and Debra J. Lewis. 1977. Rape: The Price of Coercive Sexuality. Toronto: The Women’s Press.
Cohen, Marjorie Griffin, and Jane Pulkingham. 2009. “Introduction: Going Too Far? Feminist Public Policy in Canada.” In Public Policy for Women: The State, Income Security, and Labour Market Issues, edited by Marjorie Griffin Cohen and Jane Pulkingham, 4-48. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Ellsberg, Mary, and Lori Heise. 2005. Researching Violence Against Women: A Practical Guide for Researchers and Activists. Geneva: World Health Organization and Program for Appropriate Technology in Health. Accessed July 2, 2015. http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2005/9241546476_eng.pdf.
Executive Council [Government of Newfoundland and Labrador]. 2009. “Violence Prevention Campaign Targets Male Violence Against Women.” Press Release, June 10. Accessed March 20, 2013. http://www.releases.gov.nl.ca/releases/2009/exec/0610n02.htm.
Executive Council Office [Government of New Brunswick]. 2014. Violence Prevention. Accessed August 2, 2014. http://www.gnb.ca/0012/violence/index-e.asp
George, Glynis. 2000. “Violence and Poverty on the ‘Rock’: Can Feminists Make a Difference?” Canadian Woman Studies 20 (3): 181-185.
_______. 2011. “Engaging with an Invisible Politics: Gender Mainstreaming as a Practice in Newfoundland and Labrador.” Anthropology in Action 18 (1): 42-55.
George, Jayashree, and Sandra M. Stith. 2014. “An Updated Feminist View of Intimate Partner Violence.” Family Process 53: 179-193.
Girard, April L. 2009. “Backlash or Equality?: The Influence of Men’s and Women’s Rights Discourses on Domestic Violence Legislation in Ontario.” Violence Against Women 15 (1): 5-23.
Gotell, Lise. 1998. “A Critical Look at State Discourse on ‘Violence Against Women’: Some Implications for Feminist Politics and Women’s Citizenship.” In Women and Political Representation in Canada, edited by Manon Tremblay and Caroline Andrew, 39-75. Ottawa: University of Ottawa Press.
_______. 2007. “The Discursive Disappearance of Sexualized Violence: Feminist Law Reform, Judicial Resistance and Neoliberal Sexual Citizenship.” In Feminism, Law and Social Change: (Re)action and Resistance, edited by Dorothy E. Chunn, Susan B. Boyd, and Hester Lessard, 127-163. Vancouver: UBC Press.
Government of New Brunswick. 2012. 2012-2013 Main Estimates. Fredericton: Government of New Brunswick. Accessed August 3, 2014. http://www2.gnb.ca/content/dam/gnb/Departments/fin/pdf/Budget/2012-2013/ME2012-13.pdf.
Government of Newfoundland and Labrador. 1999. Estimates 1999-00. St. John’s: Government of Newfoundland and Labrador. Accessed March 30, 2013. http://www.budget.gov.nl.ca/budget99/Download/Estimates.pdf.
_______. 2011. Estimates 2011: Standing Strong: For Prosperity. For Our Future. For Newfoundland and Labrador. St. John’s: Government of Newfoundland and Labrador. Accessed March 30, 2013. http://www.budget.gov.nl.ca/budget2011/estimates/estimates2011.pdf.
_______. 2012. Estimates 2012: People and Prosperity, Responsible Investments for a Secure Future. St. John’s: Government of Newfoundland and Labrador. Accessed March 30, 2013. http://www.budget.gov.nl.ca/budget2012/estimates/estimates2012.pdf.
Government of Nova Scotia. 2012. Estimates and Supplementary Detail for the fiscal year 2012-2013. Halifax: Government of Nova Scotia. Accessed August 3, 2014. http://www.novascotia.ca/finance/site-finance/media/finance/budget2012/Estimates_And_Supplementary_Detail.pdf.
Government of Prince Edward Island. 2014. Premier’s Action Committee on Family Violence Prevention. Accessed August 1, 2014. http://www.stopfamilyviolence.pe.ca/.
Hartery, Lynn. 2006. “Co-operation and Conflict in Rape Crisis Work: St. John’s, Newfoundland and Labrador, 1977-1989.” In Women in Newfoundland and Labrador: Weather’s Edge: A Compendium, edited by Linda Cullum, Carmelita McGrath, and Marilyn Porter, 320-332. St. John’s: Killick Press.
Janovicek, Nancy. 2007. No Place to Go: Local Histories of the Battered Women’s Shelter Movement. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press.
Johnson, Holly. 1996. Dangerous Domains: Violence Against Women in Canada. Scarborough: Nelson Canada.
Johnson, Holly and Emily Colpitts. 2013. Violence Against Women in Canada. Ottawa: Canadian Research Institute for the Advancement of Women. Accessed July 30, 2014. http://www.criaw-icref.ca/sites/criaw/files/VAW_ENG_longFinal.pdf.
Kelly, Kristin A. 2003. Domestic Violence and the Politics of Privacy. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Kingfisher, Catherine. 2002. “Neoliberalism I: Discourses of Personhood and Welfare Reform.” In Western Welfare in Decline: Globalization and Women’s Poverty, edited by Catherine Kingfisher, 13-31. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Levan, Andrea. 1996. “Violence Against Women.” In Women and Canadian Public Policy, edited by Janine Brodie, 319-354. Toronto: Harcourt Brace.
Mardorossian, Carine M. 2002. “Toward a New Feminist Theory of Rape.” Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 27 (3): 743-775.
Martin, Patricia Yancey, and Robert A. Hummer. 2009. “Fraternities and Rape on Campus.” In Feminist Frontiers, edited by Verta Taylor, Nancy Whittier, and Leila J. Rupp, 471-480. Toronto: McGraw Hill.
McInturff, Kate. 2013. The Gap in the Gender Gap: Violence Against Women in Canada. Ottawa: Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives. Accessed July 30, 2014. https://www.policyalternatives.ca/publications/reports/gap-gender-gap.
Morris, Marika. 2002. Violence Against Women and Girls. Ottawa: Canadian Research Institute for the Advancement of Women. Accessed July 30, 2014. http://www.criaw-icref.ca/sites/criaw/files/ViolenceAgainstWomenandGirls.pdf.
Morrow, Marina, Olena Hankivsky, and Colleen Varcoe. 2004. “Women and Violence: The Effects of Dismantling the Welfare State.” Critical Social Policy 24 (3): 358-384.
Nelson, E.D. and Barrie W. Robinson. 1999. Gender in Canada. Scarborough: Prentice-Hall Canada.
Newman, Jaquetta, and Linda A. White. 2006. Women, Politics, and Public Policy: The Political Struggles of Canadian Women. Don Mills: Oxford University Press.
Nova Scotia Advisory Council on the Status of Women. 2013. Nova Scotia Domestic Violence Resource Centre. Accessed August 1, 2014. http://nsdomesticviolence.ca/.
Ontario Women’s Justice Network. 2013. “Mandatory Charging.” Ontario Women’s Justice Network. Accessed August 1, 2014. http://www.owjn.org/owjn_2009/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=271%3Amandatory-charging&catid=56&Itemid=105.
Rebick, Judy. 2005. Ten Thousand Roses: The Making of a Feminist Revolution. Toronto: Penguin Canada.
Sokoloff, Natalie J., and Ida Dupont. 2005. “Domestic Violence: Examining the Intersections of Race, Class, and Gender – An Introduction.” In Domestic Violence at the Margins: Readings on Race, Class, Gender, and Culture, edited by Natalie J. Sokoloff and Christina Pratt, 1-13. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press.
VPI. 2002. Shifting Towards an Equitable and Peaceful Society: Commemorating Thirty Years of Our Endeavours, 1972-2002. St. John’s: Government of Newfoundland and Labrador. Accessed April 2, 2013. http://www.gov.nl.ca/VPI/publications/30years.pdf.
_______. 2006. Taking Action Against Violence, 2006-2012. St. John’s: Government of Newfoundland and Labrador. Accessed April 2, 2013. http://www.gov.nl.ca/VPI/initiative/actionplan2006_2012.pdf.
_______. 2013a. Purple Ribbon Campaign. Accessed March 15, 2013. http://respectwomen.ca.
_______. 2013b. Violence Prevention Initiative. Accessed March 15, 2013. http://www.gov.nl.ca/VPI/index.html.
Walker, Gillian A. 1990. Family Violence and the Women’s Movement: The Conceptual Politics of Struggle. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
_______. 1992. “The Conceptual Politics of Struggle: Wife Battering, the Women’s Movement and the State.” In Feminism in Action: Studies in Political Economy, edited by M. Patricia Connelly and Pat Armstrong, 317-342. Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication, with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
2. Authors are aware that articles published in Atlantis are indexed and made available through various scholarly and professional search tools, including but not limited to Erudit.
3. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
4. Authors are permitted and encouraged to preprint their work, that is, post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process. This can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work. Read more on preprints here.